Zygote Human Anatomy Version Upgrades
Zygote 3D Human Anatomy Collections are the most comprehensive and well crafted collections available today. These collections have been in development since 1995 and are continuously being upgraded with ever increasing detail and features. This page outlines the features and details that were introduced with the last four versions of the Zygote 3D Human Anatomy Collections.
Upgrade 5.0: Skeleton System
With the last release of the Zygote Anatomy Collections, a completely new skull was introduced. It includes an Interior Cranium, Sinuses, and intricate details such as foramina, sutures, and auditory ossicles. In the newest release of the Zygote Skeleton, the remaining bones of the skeleton have been entirely replaced with new bones developed from CT scans. With geometric and texture details to match the highest accuracy standards set with the new skull, each new bone is extremely detailed and matches the intense fidelity of the skull.
The new skeleton is perfect for ultra-high resolution renders. Each bone has been painstakingly textured from high resolution photographs of each bone resulting in region-specific cortical textures that are true to life. Ten high-resolution texture maps were needed to create the ultimate surface and color detail. The end result is awe inspiring geometry coupled with amazing texture maps that will help your project be superior.
Upgrade 5.0: Muscles
In this new version of the Zygote Anatomy Collections, an overhaul of the naming convention makes finding and selecting muscles more quick and easy. Because muscle names are no longer abbreviated, even the nomenclature novice will easily avoid confusion while searching for specific structures. The entire Muscle System has been refitted to integrate with the new Skeletal System. Completely new or improved models include:
Upgrade 5.0: Connective Tissues
A complete refitting of the Connective Tissue System was required with the addition of the new Skeleton. Each joint capsule, ligament, bursa, and cartilage tissue has been either rebuilt or reshaped to integrate with the new Skeleton.
Upgrade 5.0: Lymphatic System
Along with adding a lot of realism and detail, the Lymphatic System has been rebuilt to better suit animation. Each lymph node connects seamlessly with lymph ducts so that the entire model can be deformed without any separation between individual components of the system. Detailed lymph tissue models of the abdomen, thorax, pelvis, and neck in the Lymph System have been added. Details showing proper synchronization between the Lymphatic System and the Circulatory System are also included.
Upgrade 5.0: Organs
Every organ has been adjusted to fit properly within the new Skeleton model. Nomenclature has been revised to eliminate abbreviation and make selection simpler than ever.
Upgrade 5.0: Nervous System
The Nervous System has been refined and has undergone a major upgrade. The entire model has been rebuilt to better enable deformation during animation. Closer integration of the Nervous System with other systems of the body and higher levels of nerve detail and branching throughout the body are new features of this version. Abbreviations within the naming convention have been replaced with expanded nerve names for expedient selection. An increased number of named nerves allows easy identification and focusing for more convenience working with the models.
New nerves added include:
Upgrade 5.0: Circulatory System
The Circulatory System has been improved by creating a single-mesh treatment of the geometry. This enables more drastic deformation without interpenetration of blood vessels, and a more natural treatment of bifurcations of arteries and veins. New blood vessel branching in almost every region of the body significantly increases the detail of the model. Thorough grouping and naming of segments of circulation enables quick focusing on, and isolation of specific portions of the Circulatory System.
Completely new blood vessels include:
Upgrade 4.5: Skull - Interior Cranium
Upgrade 4.5: Skull - Sinuses
Upgrade 4.5: Skull - Foramina, Fissures, Canals
Upgrade 4.5: Skull - Sutures/Articulations of Each Bone
Upgrade 4.5: Skull - Inner Ear
Upgrade 4.5: Skull - Detailed Nasal Cavity
Upgrade 4.5: Skull - Inner Ear
Upgrade 4.5: Skull - New Nasal Cavity, Mouth and Pharynx
Upgrade 4.5: Skull - New Eye with Interior
Upgrade 4.5: Circulatory System - New and Circulation to Head, Neck and Face
Upgrade 4.5: Circulatory System - Improved Circulation to Head, Neck and Face
Upgrade 4.5: Nervous System - New Nerves of Head, Neck and Face
Upgrade 4.5: Nervous System - Improved Nerves of Head and Face
Upgrade 4.5: New Spleen Model
Upgrade 4.5: Improved Harmony Between Systems
Upgrade 4.5: Improved Integumentary System
Upgrade 4.0: Muscular System
Upgrade 4.0: Connective Tissue
Upgrade 3.5: Nervous System
Our upgraded Nervous System model has increased detail to the Brain including a Cerebrum better revealing typical features such as landmark sulci and gyri; it also now includes internal brain anatomy. Newly improved grouping better enables users to easily select and show any feature of the brain; now simply add transparency to the Cerebrum and Cerebellum to reveal anatomical features deep within the Brain.
Upgraded Features to Brain 3.5 include:
Insula and Brain Stem models are available separately.
Upgrade 3.5: Circulatory System
Our upgraded Circulatory System model now includes much more detailed and accurate vessels to and from every organ. Branches of arteries and veins providing circulation to viscera as well as reproductive organs now enables illustration of blood flow from the heart to every organ and extremity of the body.
Upgraded Features of the Circulatory System 3.5
Upgrade 3.5: New Connective Tissue Model
Our new Connective Tissue model now is sold as part of the Male and Female Anatomy Collections 3.5. Each joint of the appendicular skeleton is included - from the Distal Interphalangeal Joints of the hands and feet, to the Ligaments and Acetabular Surfaces of the shoulders and hips. Each individual ligament and bursa is modeled independently and grouped so that users can easily focus illustrations or animations on relevant joint anatomy.
Joints included in the Connective Tissue Model 3.5 include:
Upgrade 3.5: Organ Texture Map
With version 3.5, texture maps are available not only for the exteriors of every organ, but now a texture and bump map is also available for the interior of the Stomach.
Upgrade 3.5: Male Reproductive System
Our Male Reproductive System has been upgraded to now include much greater anatomical detail. Synchronizing with our version 3.5 Circulatory System, blood flow to and from the male Reproductive System can be illustrated along with detailed structures of male anatomy.
Upgrades to the Male Reproductive System 3.5 include:
Upgrade 3.5: Lymphatic System
Upgrades have been made to the Lymphatic System to improve its positioning in relation to other systems of the body. Now users will more easily illustrate the relationship of Lymph Nodes to other anatomical features of the body.
Upgrade 3.5: Muscle System
The male Muscle System now includes muscles of the pelvic floor, and has been upgraded with increased connective tissue details in the texture map.